Equanimous equality! 

Just when the chips are down, what rises from ashes to make light of sky is a sphinx. What fails is consigned to dustbin of history. Success has many fathers, failure is orphan. I consider this kind of interpretation seriously flawed. Just as one swallow doesn’t make a summer, one misstep doesn’t make a winter. One bad day is not the end of the world. The circumstances are ephemeral. Misery and happiness are two sides of same coin. The differences between success and failure are blown out of proportions as the functions of a shallow mind stuck with the superficiality. 


Nobody denies the differences between success and
failure playing a major role in one’s life. But success
is not and can’t be measured from a frame of failed
reference. So is the vice versa. Oriental philosophy
conditions minds to equanimity. The dual nature of
success and failure make them both interchangeable
and permeable. There is an element of illusion in both
success and failure. Success has an element of failure.
Similarly, failure also has an element of success. 

An equanimous mind has a sobering control over
its heart. It neither jumps with joy over success nor
loses heart over a failure. Success and failure make
an equanimous mind content and introspective,
respectively. Both are taken with same stride, however
big may be the occasion. Swami Vivekanand explains
the dual nature, “In the beginning was the word, and
the word was with God, and the word was God.” The
Hindu calls this Mâyâ, the manifestation of God, because it is the power of God.The absolute reflecting through the universe is what we call nature.The word has two manifestations— the general one of nature, and the special one of the great incarnations of God — Krishna,Buddha, Jesus, and Ramakrishna.

Christ, the special manifestationof the absolute, is known and knowable. The absolute cannot be known: we cannot know the Father, only the Son. We can only see the absolute through the “tint of humanity”, through Christ.”

Christianity says the same thing differently. Swami Vivekanand explains, “The Perfect never becomes imperfect. It is in the darkness, but is not affected by
the darkness. God’s mercy goes to all, but is not affected by their wickedness. The sun is not affected
by any disease of our eyes which may make us see it distorted. In the twenty-ninth verse, “taketh away the sin of the world” means that Christ would show us the way to become perfect. God became Christ to show man his true nature, that we too are God. We are human coverings over the Divine; but as the divine Man, Christ and we are one.” Religion is nothing but realisation.

Religiosity starts with humble attempts for a complete identification with the supreme. How to achieve it? Vivekanand adds, “Our best work is done,

our greatest influence is exerted, when we are without thought of self. All great geniuses know this. Let us open ourselves to the one Divine Actor, and let Him act, and do nothing ourselves. “O Arjuna! I have no duty in the whole world”, says Krishna. Be perfectly resigned, perfectly unconcerned; then alone can you do any true work. No eyes can see the real forces, we can only see the results. Put out self, lose it, forget it; just let God work, it is His business.


We have nothing to do but stand aside and let God work. The more we go away, the more God comes in. Get rid of the little “I”, and let only the great “I” live.” Once soul integrates with the absolute, the circumstances become a superficial and shallow reflection of one’s limited knowledge. Besides, we find ourselves million ways to make ourselves unhappy and few ways to make ourselves happy. How can life be liberating and emancipating? Everything in the universe is changing. Even the
apparently dead wood and objects are unaware of an earth rotating underneath. 

                                    Internet of Things & Bureaucracy​

With a trillion sensors embedded in the environment- all connected by computing systems, software and services-it will be possible to hear the heartbeat of the Earth, impacting human interaction with the globe as profoundly as internet has revolutionized communication

                                                                                                               Peter Hartwell
                                                                                                    Senior Researcher, HP Labs


Digital India is now officially a flagship program which aims at ‘transforming India into digital empowered society and knowledge economy’. If Digital India has to effect a transformation of sorts, Internet of Things (IoT)
will have to be given a central role in the vision and implementation of governance. While ‘Digital India’ has gained currency as a buzzword, ‘Internet of Things’
is a relatively new term for the discourse on governance in India. 


As per the draft policy of the Government,the number of Internet-connected devices (12.5 billion) surpassed the number of human beings (7 billion) on the planet in 2011, and by 2020, Internet-connected devices are expected to number between 26 billion and 50 billion globally. The policy document asserts that Digital India encompasses many flagship initiatives such as Smart Cities which can succeed only if Internet of Things (IoT) can be materialized and leveraged. Under Digital India, IoT is envisioned to ‘help automate’ solution for problems related to agriculture, health services, energy, sercurity, disaster management etc with the help of ‘remotely connected devices’. 

As per the vision of Digital India, Internet of Things involves three distinct stages:
1. The sensors which collect data (including identification and addressing the sensor/device)
2. An application which collects and analyzes this data for further consolidation
3. Decision making and the transmission of data to the
decision-making server. Analytical engines, actuators and Big data may be used for the decision making process.

The rationale provided in the policy document is to develop ‘connected, secure and smart IoT based system for our country’s Economy, Society, Environment and global needs.’

In economic terms, the government has envisioned to ‘create an IoT industry in India of USD 15 billion by 2020.’ For a digitally connected India, the government aims to increase in the connected devices from around 200 million to over 2.7 billion by 2020. The draft policy on IoT cites Gartner Report which states that the total revenue generated from IoT industry would be USD 300 billion and the connected devices would be 27 billion by 2020 globally. India, the document asserts, will have ‘a share of 5-6% of global IoT industry.’


Among the many things that ail the Indian masses, IoT will have develop products specific to Indian needs in the domains of agriculture, health, water quality, natural disasters, transportation, security, automobile, supply
chain management, smart cities, automated metering and monitoring of utilities, waste management, Oil & Gas) etc.  

At the global level, the Internet of Things (IoT) has evolved with the convergence of multiple technologies such as wireless communication, internet and embedded systems and micro electromechanical systems (MEMS). In other words, the domains like embedded systems, wireless sensor networks, control
systems, automation and others seamlessly come together to enable IoT. The idea of a network of smart
devices was explored way back in 1982 in the form of a modified Coke machine at Carnegie Mellon University


which became the first internet-connected appliance.It was the first machine to report its inventory and the status of newly loaded drinks. Mark Weiser’s pioneering paper on ubiquitous computing in 1991 paved way for IoT.

It is not the ire of a lone criticbut bureaucracy is the bane ofIndia, its Achilles’ heel. Even thePrime Minister conceded it in theinterview given to Time magazinewhere he frankly averred that‘the government systems’ work in‘silos’., operating in isolation andthat we need to get ‘these silosbroken down'. 

From an ordinary citizen to the Prime Minister of the country, the narrative is the same -the bureaucratic roadblocks to process and endless delay for the simplest of permissions and procedures characterize Indian bureaucracy. In the draft policy for IoT, the
Government has conveniently missed out as to how we shall change the mindset of the people who grace the public offices to work in a digitally empowered and connected fashion and how we shall educate them that we live in a world where there are
no departments, no territories, no time for the characteristic bureaucratic delay. If Digital India has to succeed, Internet of Things will need to become an all encompassing phenomenon and bureaucracy will need to undergo rigorous training to cope with the challenges of a connected world. 

                                                   Cyber Thieves​

Financial fraud can be broadly defined as an intentional act of deception involving financial transactions for purpose of personal gain. Fraud is a crime, a civil law violation. It is an attempt to deceive another for financial gain. A clear example of fraud is selling a new issue that does not really exist. For example, a company collects money from investors to finance operations, pockets money and does nothing. There are many kinds of fraud. Common types include forgery of documents, false claims in insurance, and filing bankruptcy to avoid debt.

Higher internet connectivity in India has also given cyber criminals a bigger playing field, with online fraudsters targeting bank customers by hacking their accounts. In fact, there has been a 30% rise in the number of online banking fraud complaints in the last year. 


Internet has conquered our lives and everything else. Besides providing in-depth access to knowledge, satiating our curiosities and letting us voice our opinions, Internet is responsible for fostering innovative minds. The result: Internet of Things and Net Neutrality have come to be the new tech buzzwords. With Internet of Things, the daily physical objects like watches, washing machines, refrigerators, etc. now come to enjoy network connectivity to send and receive data. Net neutrality, on the other hand determines free and unobstructed access to various apps and websites on internet-enabled smartphones and computer systems.

Around 16 million fraud emails pass through spam filters and 8 million are opened daily, which is a huge cause of concern. Attackers can even combine phishing with Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) attacks to steal anything from credit card details to internet banking passwords. At server end, SQL Injection and Cross Site Request Forgery (XSRF) vulnerabilities allow hackers to get into system database and steal information from thousands of users.” From ‘Vishing’ (Voice Phishing), spywares inserted in computers, ATM-level hacking, e-wallet hacking to fake job offers and harmful viruses, the online


crimes are increasing day by day.


  • Consider disabling file sharing on your computer.

  • Be careful about opening attachments, especially from unknown senders.

  • Familiarize yourself with a Web site’s privacy policy, especially if you are asked to provide confidential and/or personal data.

  • Review bank and credit card statements regularly.

  • Install and regularly update software firewall, antivirus, and anti-spyware solutions.

  • Keep your Windows operating system and all your applications updated with the latest security patches. Create strong passwords and protect them carefully or consider using password protection software.

  • Norton Internet Security encrypts passwords for secure storage, monitors them for unapproved usage, and notifies you when a Web site offers secure login capabilities.

  • Lock your home mailbox.

  • Shred bank and credit card statements and other financial data before disposal.

  • Strong passwords have eight characters or more, and use a combination of letters, numbers, and symbols.

  • Take advantage of your right to a free annual credit report. If you think you’ve become a victim of ID theft or cybercrime, report it to the proper

authorities immediately.


  • Don’t provide personal data to anyone over the phone or in person (for a job or loan application, for example) unless you are certain of the other party’s trustworthiness.

  • Don’t ever give out your personal information in response to an email, a web site you’ve come to through an external link, or a popup screen that appears on a real Web site.

  • Open a new browser window and type the URL directly into the address bar to ensure the site is legitimate.

  • Don’t keep financial data on laptops unless absolutely necessary; laptops are far more likely to be stolen than desktops.

  • Consider disabling file sharing on your computer. Be careful about opening attachments, especially from unknown senders. Familiarize yourself with a Web site’s privacy policy, especially if you are asked to provide confidential and/or personal data. 

  • Install software firewall, antivirus, and anti-spyware solutions.

  • Keep your Windows operating system and all your applications updated with the latest security patches. Create strong passwords and protect them carefully or consider using password protection software.


                                          Digital India and its impact

Digital India carries different nuances to each stakeholder in the country ranging from government to common man. On a daily basis, the country churns out a bewildering diversity of interpretations of Digital India and continues to add to the mystique of this catchphrase. Tracing its roots, one may have to concede that the idea of Digital India perhaps owes its origin to the profound advancement made by other countries in Asia Pacific such as Japan, China, South Korea and Singapore. 

The Digital India roadmap includes electronic delivery of services and e-governance which will rest completely on how quickly internet connectivity is rendered available. Only when high speed internet connectivity is ushered in for the large, untouched parts of interior and rural India, the feasibility of government’s roadmap in terms of eKranti and financial inclusion, e-healthcare etc can even be discussed or analyzed. At this juncture, when ubiqui

tous nature of computing has been adopted by the developed countries, insistence on broadband, desktops and legion of similar devices will become outdated by the time we make them available in a decade’s time. By 2025, new technologies will be in place when our momentous plan of Digital India would remain an unrealized dream if we do not implement it at lightening pace and upgrade it continuously as other countries like Japan have done it. India’s tryst with the

digital began with the telecommunications revolution. We laid the foundation for the digital when telecommunication made its way in rural India. However, we have not transformed this progress into an opportunity for the digital to spread in the remotest parts of the country. Initiatives like AADHAR stand out as exception but mainstream government systems still languish in another century. For instance, education is way out of sync with Digital India initiative.

Digital India, at this stage, is at best a catchphrase but it has the potential to transform India if we can align all ‘existing systems, practices and interests’ to the single goal of Digital India and structurally metamorphose a few of the systems so that they do not become hurdles on the way. The key to all of this will also rest on a deeper change- mindset in the bureaucracy and part of


the government.

For Digital India, we need a mindset that allows change at the speed of the digital and makes room for digital ubiquitous processes and services in place of time-bound, space-bound antiquated norms that govern the country at the moment. The Digital will have to cease to be a novelty or exception and become the order of the day. From being an elusive ideal and exclusive monopoly of the urban rich, it has to transform into a norm by which government and bureaucracy think, operate and implement and by which we, the people of India, receive, recognize and reciprocate seamless information, data and services. Digital India is not an idea but an ideal that needs our collective endeavours to become an actionable idea and a tangible reality.


                          Incubation Centres Can Turn Dreams Into Reality

Markets do not create entrepreneurs – they create opportunity which the entrepreneur can sense and respond, whereas an incubation center helps them to respond in a better way. One can take a germ of an idea, build a prototype, test its validity, develop a product out of it, and can then successfully launch it into the market. An incubation centre provides for all the required resources and support, including mentors, advisory council, infrastructure, seed fund and regulatory compliance support.

An incubation centre is akin to a springboard that can launch an entrepreneur and motivates students to convert an idea into a business venture. 


The role of an incubation centre
• Accelerate support – Ideas are polished and fine-tuned as per market requirements.
• Perfect Mentor
• Provides infrastructure
• Brings in money
• Alumni connect

How can it be established?
It can be established after:
• Feasibility study – (Infrastructure, Human Resource,

• Formation of team and building support.

• Identifying and securing stakeholders..
• Strategic Planning.
• Emphasising more on local industry requirement.

How can it be made successful?

• A good team with balanced skills and strengths
• Strong technical understanding about the product
• Basic understanding of business and economy
• Understanding of the market size of product or service can cater to.
• Clear idea as to where your business stands on the SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats) analysis scale




How can it help talented individuals in achieving their dreams?

• Mentoring

• Industrial connect

• Exposure to recent trends

• Moral & Technical support• Commercialization of product / technology.


Compared to China, Korea, Germany and USA, the
number of incubation centre’s in India is comparatively
less. Awareness about the advantages of Incubation centres have started to flow amongst various organisations and institutions. It is very hard to judge the contribution at this early stage, but a strong future waits for India. 


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